Conclusions on physical abuse
2. Beatings on the landing were a particularly cruel feature of the regime.
3. A parallel, unofficial system of punishment permitted every member of staff to use corporal punishment, which was often excessive. Some former residents, who were unsuited for outside employment, were retained as helpers and often administered severe punishment.
4. Children were beaten and humiliated for bed-wetting by both nuns and lay staff.
5. There is no evidence that a punishment book was kept in Goldenbridge, as was required by the regulations, and the absence of this important record should have been noticed and reported by the Department Inspector.